Is it a brain disease?
This question is asked repeatedly whether addiction is a brain disease or it is just a mayank trick. There are many reasons to to make the importance of biological factors involved in the abuse of substance and addictions this forms the basis for treating and appropriately considering it as compared with other medical diseases.
By saying that the person who is suffering from addiction is immoral the society at large is stigmatizing the very common and behavioral disorder which needs to be corrected collectively. Spreading the facts that how the brain is dysfunctional and heavily reduced in its activity may lead to reducing this act of stigmatizing and marginalizing the victims. The most tender and vulnerable age for falling upgrade to the addictions is adolescent age. Early age exposure to drug abuse causes greater damage to the brain.
Scientific and facts about addictions
whether or not the humans have a choice of decision making has been long dealt with but it is wrong to conclude that free will does not exist. One may choose to behave differently as opposed to two different other beings for example pigeons within the experiment of cost and benefits or repercussions. Many people who suffer from the addictions and brain disease have often been ripped off their rights due to marginalising and socially and economically they are not provided the right opportunities which they wish to to avail. some of the freedom must be rewarded to the people who have suffered from addiction.
Ability of Choice
Addicted person develops an inability to stop using or abusing substances, it has to do with problems in the frontal cortex part of the brain it is primarily the main function of it. The cravings should be avoided and resistance should be exercised; this is the job of the prefrontal cortex. When the situations arise this difficulty of the brain increases especially when drugs are not being used. The brain develops disappointment and negative emotional response, in these volatile situations triggers like smelling beer increases the cravings for substance abuse. After the use of drugs the dopamine makes the brain indifferent to normal sources of seeking balanced pleasure, for example sitting and watching sunset or talking to a friend with a delightful conversation.
When these behaviours and difficult situations are measured and processes are developed through which goals of treatment are defined medications can definitely help avoid the cravings of the brain and at the same time help in logical processes and sound understanding to get back and take the front seat in the brain function.
So simply saying no is not enough to cope with the disorder that has been developed due to addiction habit and intervention and solid treatment must be started followed up with social interactions and physical activity which should give enjoyable real life rewards instead of those from abuse in substances. So therefore a deeper understanding so much so, at the genetic level and different experiences must be accounted for before deciding on how to enhance the ability of a person to deny cravings and go for realistic rewards. These skills must be developed after the treatment with support in the relapse prevention support system and helping the victim living a normal life or even better than he or she would have probably imagined.
All of this is possible with professional help and understanding that this condition is behavioral and definitely be linked with a lot of biological factors and should be treated likewise like any other disease and the proven and tested methods of experts should be adopted in addiction treatment.
The New Life is a professionally managed Addiction Rehab and Psychiatric Center based in Islamabad.